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Faire la biographie d’un charlatan ?

Frère Hilarion, fondateur d’asiles d’aliénés au XIXe siècle
Olivier Bonnet

Abstracts

Joseph-Xavier Tissot (1780-1864), better known by the name of brother Hilarion, is a strange character who is mentioned in books on history of psychiatry or religious history. After a short stay at the Trappe d’Aiguebelle, he participated in reforming the order of Saint Jean de Dieu in France. Next, he founded numerous insane asylums before the 1838’s law was voted. He was presented by some authors as a precursor of the "alienist movement" because he led a difficult struggle in his writings to prevent the medical profession from appropriating psychiatric care. This medical charlatan, a whimsical character, left behind him many autobiographical writings which have allowed us to give him the title of "historical charlatan".

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References

Electronic reference

Olivier Bonnet, « Faire la biographie d’un charlatan ? », Cahiers d'histoire [Online], 47-1 | 2002, Online since 13 May 2009, connection on 01 May 2017. URL : http://ch.revues.org/442

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About the author

Olivier Bonnet

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